If the spinal cord becomes affected, problems may arise in the muscles, such as tightening of the muscular tissues in the leg, ankle and foot. Any type of tumor may occur in the spine, including primary and secondary tumors. Most of the primary tumors are benign and slow growing. Secondary tumors are cancer cells coming from other areas of the body.

Some major cancers that are known to spread to the spinal cord include cancer of the prostate, lung, and breast cancer. Due to their high capability to metastasise, these cancers can easily spread to the tissue inside the spine.

Two types of blood cancer, such as myeloma and leukaemia, have also been known to spread to the backbone. This usually happens when the malignancy originates in the white cells or plasma cells inside the bone marrow.

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